Kinesitherapy is an integral part of physical therapy and rehabilitation, it is a very important segment of treatment because it actively involves the patient
Kinesitherapy is a form of treatment that uses movements as a method of treatment.
Kinesitherapy's tasks are as follows:
1. prevention of damage to the locomotor system's function
3. re-establishment of locomotor system function
These tasks include:
preserving and restoring normal joint mobility;
preserving and restoring normal muscle strength;
motor education - learning to move;
motor reeducation - re-learning movement;
and maintaining and restoring coordination action on the central and peripheral nervous systems,
cardiovascular, respiratory, and musculoskeletal systems in order to achieve maximum functionality and a good mental state through rehabilitation.
Kinesitherapy includes active and passive exercises.
Active exercises are divided into:
- active assisted
- active unsupported
- active resistance exercises
It is used in almost all medical specialties for a variety of pathological conditions, as well as for prevention. There are almost no absolute contraindications, and those that exist are few and far between.
Several anatomical structures participate in the performance of one movement:
- bone system
- peripheral nervous system
- central nervous system.